Their Relationship to Law
Israelites ( often Scripturally identified as Jews), Gentiles, and Believers (Those of Faith, the called of Jesus Christ, saints, the Way, Christians, a servant of Jesus Christ)
There are kinds or classes of people identified on the Scripture. Each has presumptive claims of privilege and right. The Bible explains the basis of righteousness. It also applies this to these peoples and explains why their world views may or may not be defective and/or have promise. It also shows the common trait of the effect of the law upon them and explains how that they are justified before God.
As one attempts to identify these peoples, they may be named. They may be included in universal descriptions.
- Jesus Christ, according to the Book of Romans in the Bible, is identified as one so.
- He was identified in the Gospel of God. Romans 1
- He was identified as the one "which had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures." Romans 2
- In these same holy scriptures it was written, "Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord." Romans 1:3
- He was "was made of the seed of David according to the flesh." Romans 1:3
He was "declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead."
- is the focus of the Gospel. Romans 1:9 "in the gospel of his Son"
The Called of Jesus Christ
- Regarding Paul and others:
- Paul: Romans 1:1
- a servant of Jesus Christ,
- called to be an apostle,
- separated unto the gospel of God
- Paul says concerning God: Romans 1:9
- For God is my witness
- whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son
- The identification of Paul and others.
- By whom (i.e. Jesus Christ) we have received grace and apostleship. Romans 1:5
- for obedience to the faith among all nations
- for his name
- Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ. - Romans 1:6
- Commentary: There may be many who are possibly considered the called. They may be called to be identified with persons, causes, circumstances. In this passage they are "the called of Jesus Christ." This identifies them to being unique to this name or personage. They are unique to this situation.
- Those who are at Rome are identified as:
- beloved of God
- Called to be saints -
- Here the calling is a repeated term implying who does the calling
- The term "saints" indicates the status given to them.
- G40 ἅγιος hagios hag'-ee-os
From ἅγος hagos (an awful thing) compare G53, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated):
- They had faith. -Romans 1:8
- Their "faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. "
- Those at Rome include those who are Gentiles:
"that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles." - Romans 1:13
- Other Gentiles reached included: - Romans 1:14
- Those at Rome Also
- The Gospel of Christ - Romans 1:16
- Paul was not ashamed of it
- It is the power of God unto salvation
- to every one that believeth
- to the Jew first
- also to the Greek.
- The gospel is the foundation for the knowledge of the rightousness of God.
- "For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith:
- as it is written, The just shall live by faith" - Romans 1:17
- The opposite of faith includes and results in.
- Rom 1:18 "For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men,
- who hold the truth in unrighteousness;"
- Rom 1:19 "Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them;
- for God hath shewed it unto them"
- Commentary: The Gospel is a body of knowledge. This knowledge is known and knowable. Men hold this truth in unrighteousness. There is real judgment which is revealed against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men.
- Romans 1:20 lays out what was revealed.
- Romans 1:20 through Chapter 3 lays out the rejection of the provisions and promises and how man does this.
- This rejection seems to be generalized. It is the work of both the Jew and the Gentile. - Romans 2:9
- One class of person does not benefit over another in judgment. Rom 2:11 For there is no respect of persons with God.
- People included in this term - Romans 1:14
- Rom 3:9 - for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;
- Designations or identifying terms.
- They are effected by the Power of God unto salvation
- Salvation does not come exclusively to them through the Gospel. It is broadcast to others also. - Romans 1:16
- This salvation is based upon belief.
- This belief is also designated as "faith". - Romans 1:8
- What is it that makes one a Jew?
- Rom 2:28 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:
Rom 2:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
- The issue is not regarding natural birth (although the Bible does discuss that with regard to national and prophetical matters). The fundamental issue has to do with the matter of faith or no faith.
- What advantage has the Jew?
- Much every way: chiefly,
- because that unto them were committed the oracles of God. - Romans 3:2
- For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
- What then? are we better than they? - Rom 3:9
- No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;
- Rom 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:
Rom 3:11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.
- Rom 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
- Rom 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
There are two laws which should concern man
- The law of Moses
- The Law of Commandments contained in the Ordinances - Ephesians 2:15
- The law of Christ which is sometimes seen as
- The Law of Faith - Romans 3:27
- The Law of Christ - Galatians 6:2
- Law of Liberty - James 1:25; 2:12
- Royal Law - James 2:8
- Aspects of the Law
- Gal_4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
Gal_4:5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.
- Gal_5:14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Gal_5:18 But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.
Gal_5:23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Gal_6:2 Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ.
Gal_3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.
Gal_3:11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.
Gal_3:12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
Gal_3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:
Gal_3:17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
Gal_3:18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
Gal_3:19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
Gal_3:21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.
Gal_3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
Gal_3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
Rom 3:25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
Rom 3:26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
Rom 3:27 Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith.
Rom 3:28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
Rom 3:29 Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:
Rom 3:30 Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
Rom 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.