Colossians 1

Colossians 1:1

  • Paul,
    • an apostle of Jesus Christ
    • by the will of God,
  • and Timotheus our brother,
    Col 1:2
  • To the saints and faithful brethren
    • in Christ
    • which are at Colosse:
  • Grace be unto you,
  • and peace,
    • from
      • God our Father
      • and the Lord Jesus Christ.

        Col 1:3
  • We
    • give thanks
      • to God
      • and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
    • praying always for you,
      Col 1:4
      • Since we heard
        • of your faith in Christ Jesus, and
        • of the love which ye have to all the saints,
          Col 1:5
      • For the hope
        • which is laid up for you in heaven,
        • whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel;
          Col 1:6
        • Which
          • is come unto you, as it is in all the world; and
          • bringeth forth fruit, as it doth also in you,
            • since
              • the day ye heard of it, and
              • knew the grace of God in truth:
                Col 1:7




















            • As ye also learned of Epaphras
              • our dear fellowservant,
              • who is for you a faithful minister of Christ;
                Col 1:8
              • Who also declared unto us your love in the Spirit.
                Col 1:9
    • For this cause we also,
      • since the day we heard it,
      • do not
        • cease to pray for you, and
        • to desire
          • that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will
            • in all wisdom
            • and spiritual understanding;
              Col 1:10
          • That ye might walk worthy of the Lord
            • unto all pleasing,
            • being fruitful in every good work, and
            • increasing in the knowledge of God;
              Col 1:11
            • Strengthened with all might,
              • according to his glorious power,
              • unto all patience and
              • longsuffering with joyfulness;
                Col 1:12
          • Giving thanks unto the Father,
            • which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:
              Col 1:13
            • Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and
            • hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:
              Col 1:14
            • In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins:
              Col 1:15
          • Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
            Col 1:16
            • For by him were all things created,
              • that are in heaven, and
              • that are in earth,
                • visible and invisible,
                • whether they be thrones, or
                • dominions, or principalities, or
                • powers:
            • all things were created by him, and for him:
              Col 1:17
            • And he is before all things, and
            • by him all things consist.
              Col 1:18 And
            • he is the head of the body, the church:
            • who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead;
            • that in all things he might have the preeminence.
              Col 1:19
          • For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;
            Col 1:20 And,
            • having made peace through the blood of his cross,
            • by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.
              Col 1:21 And
          • you,
            • that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works,
            • yet now hath he reconciled
              Col 1:22
              • In the body of his flesh through death,
              • to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:
                Col 1:23
              • If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled,
              • and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel,
                • which ye have heard, and
                • which was preached to every creature which is under heaven;
          • whereof I Paul am made a minister;
            Col 1:24
            • Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you,
            • and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh



        • for his body's sake,
          • which is the church:
            Col 1:25
          • Whereof I am made a minister,
            • according to the dispensation of God
            • which is given to me for you,
            • to fulfil the word of God;
              Col 1:26










          • Even the mystery
            • which hath been hid from ages and from generations,
            • but now is made manifest to his saints:
              Col 1:27
            • To whom God would make known
              • what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles;
              • which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:
                Col 1:28
            • Whom we preach,
              • warning every man, and
              • teaching every man in all wisdom;
              • that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:
                Col 1:29
            • Whereunto I also labour,
              • striving according to his working,
              • which worketh in me mightily.

Colossians 1,  2,  3,  4

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Commentary

Verses 1 -2

  • Who is Paul.
    • an apostle
    • of Jesus Christ - the source of his authority (not Moses) This was a change as prior to this, he was trained as a Pharisee in the Law of Moses. (Acts 23:6; 26:5; Plp 3:5) This is no minor difference. His mission changed. Prior to this he jailed and severely persecuted the people of "the way". Acts 8:1-3; 9:1-3; 17-21
      • Act 26:5 Which knew me from the beginning, if they would testify, that after the most straitest sect of our religion I lived a Pharisee. (Notice the past tense of live . . . lived,. Verse 6 speaks of "now".)
  • Timotheus
    • This man is called a brother. Timothy was a gentile as was his father, but his mother was Jewish. From a Jewish perspective, to call him a brother was an offense. If one was born an Israelite and the other was born a gentile, a practicing pharisee would never make such an associational mistake of calling one of gentile blood a brother.
    • They were brothers because both were born again from the dead in Christ Jesus. They were now sons of God of the household of faith. This superceded their previous status of life. In this new life, they were both dead to their previous life.
      • Timothy 1:2 verifies Timothy's spiritual standing by Paul saying, "Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith:".
  • Verse 2
  • This was written to the "brethren".
    • brethren adelphos - a - in union through, delphos - the womb
    • The matter or source of union is "in Christ Jesus".
  • Brethren characteristic are listed as two here.
    • saints - Is described in verses 9 - 17.
    • faithful - Is described in verses 4 - 8.
  • The Location of those receiving the letter - Colosse
    • The location was in Gentile Asia (Turkey today).

Their reputation of being faithful was seen (verse 3 - 7)

  • resulting in
    • Paul giving thanks to God for them
      • Notice the progression of authority and relationship by the mention of God, then "and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ", and then the saint. It may be observed that there is a unity of holiness here.
    • Paul's prayer for them v3.
  • faith is mentioned in verse 4. This faith is illustration of obedience to the first commandment of Christ. One is to love the Lord with all one's hear, body and soul. This kind of love and trust is a good illustration of putting faith into Him.
  • The example of faithfulness is seen in the observance "of the love". This love is expression of faithfulness as it is related to the second commandment of Jesus.
  • The reward of this faith comes in verse 5. It is the "hope which is laid up for you in heaven,"
    • How would they know about this? It is "the word of the truth of the gospel;".
      • This word came unto them. verse 6
      • as in all the world
      • it brings forth fruit
      • as it did in them
        • since the day they heard it
        • and knew the grace of God in truth.
  • Epaphras is also an example of faith working amongst them as he came to serve Paul in exercise of faith for them.

Illustration of their saintliness. (Verse 8 - 14)

  • Their love in the Spirit verse 8
    • This is the single instance of the mention of the Spirit in this book.
      • It illustrates that the ability to love only comes from the Spirit as it is a fruit of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22). Since one puts on Christ, he is spiritual. Chapter 3 gives the character of one who puts on Christ. Compare this chapter with Galatians 5.
    • A saintly person will demonstrate holy characteristics through the following means which leads to the following results.
      • For this cause we also, since the day we heard it [their love in the Spirit], do not cease to pray for you
      • and desire
        • this is enhanced through "the knowedge of his will".
        • resulting in
          • wisdom
          • spiritual understanding
          • A walk worthy of the Lord verse 10
            • unto all pleasing
            • fruitful in every good work
            • increasing in the knowledge of God
          • Strengthened with all might
            • according to his glorious power
            • unto all patience
            • longsuffering with joyfulness
            • giving thanks unto the Father
    • The result is they are given saintly character benefits.
      • meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light
      • delivered from the power of darkness
      • translated into the kingdom of his dear son
      • having redemption through his (Son's) blood
      • having the forgiveness of sins (- verse 14)

All the above benefits are available because they are sourced through the Son who is: (verse 15 - 20

  • He is the image of the invisible God
  • He is the firstborn of every creature
  • By him were all things created
    • That are in heaven
    • That are in earth
      • visible
      • invisible
      • be they thrones
      • be they dominions
      • be they principalities
      • be they powers
  • All things were created
    • by him
    • for him
  • He is before all things
  • By Him all things consist
  • He is head of the body, the church
    • (This equates the church to be one and same as the body.)
    • Colossians 1:22, 24; 2:17 all indicate that the body here refers to that of Jesus Christ. Israel is not inferred in any way in this passage or book by the term body. The term body is not used anywhere in the Old Testament to refer to Israel as a people. Israel and the church are a distinct peoples.
  • He is the beginnning, the firstborn from the dead;
    • that in all things he might have the preeminence.
  • It pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell
  • He reconciled all things unto himself
    • having made peace through the blood of his cross
    • reconciled that whether they be things in earth or things in heaven

You (Verse 21 - 23)

  • That were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works
  • Yet now hath he reconciled. How and what? Reconciliation effects the following:
    • How? in the body of his flesh, through death
    • why? to present you . . . in his sight
      • holy,
      • unblameable,
      • unreproveable
    • Its conditionality
      • if you continue
        • in the faith
        • grounded
        • settled
      • if you
        • be not moved away from the hope of the gospel
          • which ye have heard
          • which was preached to every creature under heaven

Paul's sacrifice for them (vs 24) or works on their behalf.

  • whereof I Paul am made a minister
    • minister [diakonos - (obsolete, to run on errands; compare G1377); an attendant, that is, (generally) a waiter (at table or in other menial duties); specifically a Christian teacher and pastor (technically a deacon or deaconess)]
  • who rejoices in his sufferings for you
  • and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh [v 24]
    • fill up [supplement]
    • behind [deficit, poverty, inferior, to fall short] As he suffered so may those who are saved. Look up cross reference

The Focus of discussion is now the church.

  • why? For his body's sake, which is the church
    • The body and the church are one and the same.
    • According to the dispensation of God. (verse 25)
      • dispensation [administration, economy - in that he was as an overseer or manager regarding the development of the church]
    • "which is given to me for you,"
    • "to fulfil the word of God;"
      • fulfil [to make replete, that is, (literally) to cram (a net), level up (a hollow), or (figuratively) to furnish (or imbue, diffuse, influence), satisfy, execute (an office), finish (a period or task), verify (or coincide with a prediction), etc.:]
  • The body, the church is here a relationship described by the term "mystery".
    • This relationship was hidden in previous times (vs 26)
    • This relationship is now made manifest. This is specifically to "his saints.
    • This relationship deals with salvation regarding the inclusion of the Gentiles.
    • This relationship has to do with it being among the Gentiles whereby they would experience with all believers "Christ in you, the hope of glory."
    • Christ, whom we preach (Vs 28)
      • Note the repetition of "every man" in this verse.
        • This indicates that the church is inclusive of "every man".
        • It is not excusive to the Israelite or Jew.
        • It is also inclusing of the Gentile.
        • Every man is warned
        • Every man is taught in all wisdom
        • The purpose is that everyman may be presented perfect [complete] in Christ Jesus.
          • The context here is not universal salvation but that there would be salvation working "among the gentiles" too. (verse 27)
      • This chapter concludes with Pauls striving or labouring to accomplish that which God called him to do. (verse 29)
  •